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SpaceX Inspiration4 mission: All-civilian crew touch down on Earth after historic three days in orbit

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Commander Jared Isaacman, pilot Sian Proctor, medical officer Hayley Arceneaux and mission specialist Chris Sembrosk took part in the Inspiration4 mission, making them the first to circle the world without a professional astronaut.

A SpaceX capsule carrying the first all-civilian crew into space has touched back down on Earth after three days in orbit.

The four amateur astronauts orbited the planet every 90 minutes at a speed of more than 17,000mph and an altitude of up to 363 miles – higher than the International Space Station and Hubble Telescope – during their time in space.

The Dragon capsule safely parachuted into the ocean just before sunset on Saturday, off the Florida coast where the private flight began three days ago. Upon re-entry through the Earth’s atmosphere, Dragon’s surface reached temperatures 3,500F (1,926C).

Commander Jared Isaacman, pilot Sian Proctor, medical officer Hayley Arceneaux and mission specialist Chris Sembrosk took part in the Inspiration4 mission, making them the first to circle the world without a professional astronaut.

The all-amateur crew was the first to circle the world without a professional astronaut. Pic: Inspiration4 via AP
Image:The capsule returns to Earth with a splash. Pic: Inspiration4 via AP
inspiration4x  Twitter pictures
Source: https://twitter.com/inspiration4x/status/1438716982564696065/photo/4
Image:(L-R) Jared Isaacman, Hayley Arceneaux, Chris Sembroski, and Dr Sian Proctor seemed in good spirits after their first day in space. Pic Twitter/Inspiration4x

“Your mission has shown the world that space is for all of us,” SpaceX Mission Control radioed as the capsule landed.Advertisement

“It was a heck of a ride for us… just getting started,” replied trip sponsor Mr Isaacman, hinting at more private flights in the future.

Mr Isaacman, a billionaire, paid undisclosed millions for the trip for himself and his three guests – all of whom were strangers to him beforehand.

The passengers aboard a SpaceX capsule react as the capsule parachutes into the Atlantic. Pic: Inspiration4 via AP
Image:The passengers aboard the SpaceX capsule react as it parachutes into the Atlantic. Pic: Inspiration4 via AP

The group wanted to show that ordinary people could blast into orbit by themselves, and SpaceX founder Elon Musk took them on as the company’s first rocket-riding tourists.

Following the landing Mr Musk, who is worth an estimated $196.3bn, tweeted, “congratulations!”

Mr Isaacman, a 38-year-old entrepreneur and experienced pilot, aimed to raise $200m (£145m) for St Jude Children’s Research Hospital through the trip.

Donating $100m himself (£72.5m), he held a lottery for one of the four seats. He also held a competition for clients of his Allentown, Pennsylvania payment-processing business, Shift4 Payments, for another of the spots.

These were won by Mr Sembroski, 42, a data engineer in Everett, Washington, and Ms Proctor, 51, a community college educator, scientist and artist from Tempe, Arizona.

Ms Arceneaux, 29, a St Jude physician assistant who was treated at the Memphis, Tennessee hospital nearly two decades ago for bone cancer, took the last seat.

Ms Arceneaux, 29, a St Jude physician assistant who was treated at the Memphis, Tennessee hospital nearly two decades ago for bone cancer, took the last seat.

Together they spent six months training and preparing for potential emergencies during the flight but did not have to undergo the rigorous preparations that astronauts go through.

During the trip, the group was treated to unparalleled views of Earth through a large bubble-shaped window added to the top of the capsule.

They spent the time chatting with St Jude patients, conducted medical tests on themselves, rang the closing bell for the New York Stock Exchange, and complete some drawing and ukulele playing.

inspiration4x  Twitter pictures
Source: https://twitter.com/inspiration4x/status/1438716982564696065/photo/4
Image:The amateur astronauts orbited the Earth every 90 minutes. Pic Twitter/Inspiration4x
Chris Sembroski shows off his ukulele before his performance among the stars
Image:Chris Sembroski shows off his ukulele before his performance among the stars

Ms Arceneaux, the youngest American in space and the first with a prosthesis, told her patients: “I was a little girl going through cancer treatment just like a lot of you, and if I can do this, you can do this.”

The four also took calls from Tom Cruise, interested in his own SpaceX flight to the space station for filming, and the rock band U2’s Bono.

They ate untypical space food: Cold pizza and sandwiches, pasta Bolognese and Mediterranean lamb.

Nearly 600 people have reached space – a scorecard that began 60 years ago and is expected to soon skyrocket as space tourism heats up.

The group is the first to end their flight in the Atlantic since Apollo 9 in 1969. SpaceX’s two previous crew splashdowns – carrying astronauts for NASA – were in the Gulf of Mexico.

NASA had little to do with the mission, only lending the use of its Kennedy Space Centre launchpad.

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Facebook: Mark Zuckerberg says claims against company are attempt to ‘paint a false picture’

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His comments follow evidence from whistleblower Frances Haugen who told MPs that algorithms can be used that “take people who have mainstream interests and push them to extreme interests”.

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg has said recent claims against the social media giant are an attempt to “paint a false picture of our company”.

Whistleblower Frances Haugen has told MPs that groups on the social media site can be “dangerous” because they use algorithms that “take people who have mainstream interests and push them to extreme interests”.

She said groups can become “echo chambers” that reinforce people’s opinions and gave the example that users with left-wing opinions can be pushed to the radical left, while those looking for healthy recipes can be pushed towards anorexia content.

Mr Zuckerberg’s comments came after reports on the Facebook Papers, a vast cache of internal documents, and Ms Haugen’s testimony to MPs and followed a 17% increase in the company’s net income in the July-September period to $9.19bn, buoyed by strong advertising revenue.

In a post on his Facebook page, Mr Zuckerberg said: “I believe large organizations should be scrutinized and I’d much rather live in a society where they are than one where they can’t be. Good faith criticism helps us get better.Advertisement

“But my view is that what we’re seeing is a coordinated effort to selectively use leaked documents to paint a false picture of our company.”

He added: “It makes a good soundbite to say that we don’t solve these impossible tradeoffs because we’re just focused on making money, but the reality is these questions are not primarily about our business, but about balancing difficult social values.”

His comments were mostly a repeat of what he said after Ms Haugen appeared before a US Senate subcommittee on 5 October.

Ms Haugen, a former product manager in the company’s civic integrity unit, told MPs on Monday: “One of the things that happens with groups and networks of groups is people see echo chambers that create social norms…” and that people with opposing views are “torn apart”.

Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen leaves parliament in London
Image:Facebook whistleblower Ms Haugen says Facebook groups can become ‘echo chambers’ reinforcing and radicalising people’s opinions

“When that context is around hate you see a normalisation of hate, a normalisation of dehumanising others, and that’s what leads to violent incidents,” she added.

She also told the committee that Facebook “unquestionably” makes online hate worse, sees safety as a “cost centre”, and that “critical teams” are understaffed.

“If you make noise saying we need more help… you will not get rallied around for help because everyone is under water,” she said.

Frances Haugen, Facebook whistleblower, gives evidence to MPs
Image:Ms Haugen gives evidence to MPs

She said “engagement-based metrics” – which focus on how many people like, share or comment on a post – were a major problem on all social media sites.

She said they favoured polarised content and were “biased towards bad actors”.

“The events we’re seeing around the world, things like Myanmar and Ethiopia, those are the opening chapters because engagement-based ranking does two things: one, it prioritises and amplifies divisive and polarising extreme content and two it concentrates it,” said Ms Haugen.

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Tesla worth $1trn as investors cheer deal with Hertz which has ordered 100,000 electric vehicles

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Following the announcement of the deal, Tesla’s shares jumped by over 9.5% to top $995.75, making the company worth $1trn, according to Reuters.

Tesla’s market capitalisation passed $1trn on Monday after its shares surged following a deal with car rental company Hertz which has ordered 100,000 new electric vehicles from the manufacturer.

It is the largest-ever order for the firm founded by Elon Musk.

Following the announcement of the deal, Tesla’s shares jumped by over 9.5% to top $995.75, making the company worth $1trn (around £726bn), according to Reuters.

The agreement will see Hertz complete its purchases of the Tesla Model 3 cars by the end of 2022, while customers will be able to start renting Tesla’s electric vehicles through Hertz starting from next month.

The deal is likely to be worth around $4bn (£2.9bn) because each Model 3 has a base price of about $40,000 (£29,000).Advertisement

It also ranks at the top of the list of electric vehicle orders by a single firm.

By becoming a $1trn company, Tesla joins an elite group of famous firms that have already passed the mark.

The only other publicly listed companies in the US that have reached a $1trn market capitalisation so far are Apple, Amazon, Microsoft, and Alphabet, the parent company of Google.

Hertz customers will be able to access Tesla’s network of superchargers across the US and Europe – and the rental company has also pledged to install 3,000 chargers of its own by the end of next year.

“We absolutely believe that this is going to be competitive advantage for us,” acting chief executive of Hertz, Mark Fields, said of the Tesla order.

Elon Musk with a Tesla Model S. Pic: AP
Image:Mr Musk’s company is currently struggling to fulfil a backlog of orders

Speaking to Reuters, Mr Fields added: “We want to be a leader in mobility…Getting customers experience with electrified vehicles is an absolute priority for us.”

Hertz currently has around 430,000 to 450,000 vehicles worldwide, and has said it will work with other companies producing electric vehicles – not just Tesla. Following the latest order, Mr Fields said that electric vehicles will make up more than 20% of its global fleet.

Mr Musk’s company is currently struggling to fulfil a backlog of orders, and is suffering from supply chain issues – but experts say that the deal cements the mainstream status of electric vehicles.

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Facebook under fresh pressure as whistleblower prepares to give evidence to MPs

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The company has been plunged into a crisis since Frances Haugen released thousands of pages of internal research documents secretly copied before leaving her job in the firm’s civic integrity unit.

A Facebook whistleblower whose claims have rocked the social media giant has launched a fresh attack on Mark Zuckerberg, accusing him of not being willing to protect public safety.

The latest broadside by former employee Frances Haugen comes as she prepares to give evidence to MPs at Westminster.

Her intervention ramps up the pressure on the embattled $1trn (£750bn) company, which has been plunged into a crisis since she released thousands of pages of internal research documents secretly copied before leaving her job in the firm’s civic integrity unit.

Former Facebook employee and whistleblower Frances Haugen
Image:Ms Haugen is to face questions from MPs scrutinising the draft Online Safety Bill

It comes amid newspaper reports that workers repeatedly warned Facebook was being flooded with misinformation claiming that the 2020 US presidential election result was being rigged.

Workers reportedly believed more should have been done to tackle it.Advertisement

It has fuelled renewed concerns about Facebook’s role in the 6 January Capitol riots, in which a mob seeking to overturn the election result stormed Congress.

Separate leaked documents also reveal Facebook in India wavered in curbing hate speech and anti-Muslim content on its platform and lacked enough local language moderators to stop misinformation, which at times sparked violence.

Criticising Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg in a interview with The Observer newspaper, Ms Haugen said: “Right now, Mark is unaccountable.

“He has all the control.

“He has no oversight, and he has not demonstrated that he is willing to govern the company at the level that is necessary for public safety.”

The outage lasted for almost six hours and affected billions of users
Image:Facebook is reportedly planning to rebrand with a name change

She said she had leaked the documents because she realised the company would not change otherwise.

Ms Haugen made her comments ahead of facing questions from a UK parliamentary committee scrutinising the draft Online Safety Bill, which aims to regulate tech firms and social media in a bid to curb cyber abuse and threats.

She has already levelled a series allegations against the social network, saying its platforms “harm children, stoke division and weaken our democracy”, and that it refused to act because executives put profits above safety.

Ms Haugen has also accused the tech giant of being aware of the apparent harm Instagram could have on some teenagers and their body image, and said the firm had been dishonest in its public fight against hate content and misinformation by concealing research that showed it amplified such content.

Mr Zuckerberg has rejected the claims made by Ms Haugen, saying her attacks on the company were “misrepresenting” the work it does and that it “cares deeply about issues like safety, well-being and mental health”.

He added: “At the heart of these accusations is this idea that we prioritise profit over safety and well-being. That’s just not true.”

Facebook is reportedly planning to rebrand its business name in an apparent bid to distance its wider business from the string of controversies that have engulfed it in recent years.

Among its latest big ideas is the so-called metaverse, a 3D online world the firm wants to lead the way on building, in which people can meet, play and work virtually, often using virtual reality headsets.

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