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Windows 11 launches as free upgrade with new start screen

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The new operating system is “not a revolutionary step”, according to analysts, but will help Microsoft establish its strengths in the world of hybrid working.

Microsoft is launching Windows 11 on Tuesday as a free upgrade, introducing a new start screen and user interface designed to clean up users’ screen space.

There are no major changes to the way the operating system works beneath the user interface, although there are some, but the design is meant to be much more user-friendly.

In particular Microsoft is placing the Start menu in the middle of the screen – as it is the icons in the taskbar – making the desktop experience more similar to mobile, and is bringing in rounded corners in the style of MacOS.

For Microsoft, the update offers an opportunity to stress its own products and areas of expertise and dominance, especially in its productivity and office apps that have seen an increase in use due to remote working during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The influence of mobile operating systems can be seen in the new Microsoft Store, the app store for Windows applications where third parties can list their apps, but also eventually in its support for running Android apps through the Amazon app store.Advertisement

On its website, Microsoft describes Windows 11 as having “easy-to-use tools that can help you optimise your screen space and maximise your productivity”.

It is the second free operating system upgrade issued by the company after Windows 10, which helped Microsoft return to the successes of XP after the struggles of Windows 8 – although it won’t be possible to upgrade all PCs.

Instead there are a range of minimum requirements, including supporting a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) – a processor that is designed to carry out cryptographic operations in a physically secure environment – and the expected requirements about modern processors and RAM.

Microsoft said the gradual rollout will see all eligible PCs offered the upgrade by mid-2022, although the number of eligible computers has been questioned as it likely won’t be available on machines more than four years old.

In its review, online technology magazine Ars Technica said the “attractive new design” was “overshadowed by regressions and high system requirements” and said a cynic could see the Windows 11 requirements as designed to drive new PC sales.

“Windows 11 is not a revolutionary step,” said Geoff Blaber, chief executive at analyst firm CCS Insight, describing it as “an iterative release that pinpoints where Windows needs greater ambition rather than introducing the sweeping changes even with [Windows 10]”.

The new user interface was described as “fresh” and “sleeker” by JP Gownder at Forrester, who added: “Ultimately, Windows 11 will need to spend some time in the wild with users before establishing its true purpose and identity.

“But a revamped user interface and many thoughtful features give it a chance to stand out, particularly since its release coincides with a new world of hybrid work.

“All those incremental changes, taken together, can sometimes add up to more than the sum of their parts. The proof will only be seen in the months after its release, as judged by users.”

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Facebook: Mark Zuckerberg says claims against company are attempt to ‘paint a false picture’

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His comments follow evidence from whistleblower Frances Haugen who told MPs that algorithms can be used that “take people who have mainstream interests and push them to extreme interests”.

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg has said recent claims against the social media giant are an attempt to “paint a false picture of our company”.

Whistleblower Frances Haugen has told MPs that groups on the social media site can be “dangerous” because they use algorithms that “take people who have mainstream interests and push them to extreme interests”.

She said groups can become “echo chambers” that reinforce people’s opinions and gave the example that users with left-wing opinions can be pushed to the radical left, while those looking for healthy recipes can be pushed towards anorexia content.

Mr Zuckerberg’s comments came after reports on the Facebook Papers, a vast cache of internal documents, and Ms Haugen’s testimony to MPs and followed a 17% increase in the company’s net income in the July-September period to $9.19bn, buoyed by strong advertising revenue.

In a post on his Facebook page, Mr Zuckerberg said: “I believe large organizations should be scrutinized and I’d much rather live in a society where they are than one where they can’t be. Good faith criticism helps us get better.Advertisement

“But my view is that what we’re seeing is a coordinated effort to selectively use leaked documents to paint a false picture of our company.”

He added: “It makes a good soundbite to say that we don’t solve these impossible tradeoffs because we’re just focused on making money, but the reality is these questions are not primarily about our business, but about balancing difficult social values.”

His comments were mostly a repeat of what he said after Ms Haugen appeared before a US Senate subcommittee on 5 October.

Ms Haugen, a former product manager in the company’s civic integrity unit, told MPs on Monday: “One of the things that happens with groups and networks of groups is people see echo chambers that create social norms…” and that people with opposing views are “torn apart”.

Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen leaves parliament in London
Image:Facebook whistleblower Ms Haugen says Facebook groups can become ‘echo chambers’ reinforcing and radicalising people’s opinions

“When that context is around hate you see a normalisation of hate, a normalisation of dehumanising others, and that’s what leads to violent incidents,” she added.

She also told the committee that Facebook “unquestionably” makes online hate worse, sees safety as a “cost centre”, and that “critical teams” are understaffed.

“If you make noise saying we need more help… you will not get rallied around for help because everyone is under water,” she said.

Frances Haugen, Facebook whistleblower, gives evidence to MPs
Image:Ms Haugen gives evidence to MPs

She said “engagement-based metrics” – which focus on how many people like, share or comment on a post – were a major problem on all social media sites.

She said they favoured polarised content and were “biased towards bad actors”.

“The events we’re seeing around the world, things like Myanmar and Ethiopia, those are the opening chapters because engagement-based ranking does two things: one, it prioritises and amplifies divisive and polarising extreme content and two it concentrates it,” said Ms Haugen.

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Tesla worth $1trn as investors cheer deal with Hertz which has ordered 100,000 electric vehicles

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Following the announcement of the deal, Tesla’s shares jumped by over 9.5% to top $995.75, making the company worth $1trn, according to Reuters.

Tesla’s market capitalisation passed $1trn on Monday after its shares surged following a deal with car rental company Hertz which has ordered 100,000 new electric vehicles from the manufacturer.

It is the largest-ever order for the firm founded by Elon Musk.

Following the announcement of the deal, Tesla’s shares jumped by over 9.5% to top $995.75, making the company worth $1trn (around £726bn), according to Reuters.

The agreement will see Hertz complete its purchases of the Tesla Model 3 cars by the end of 2022, while customers will be able to start renting Tesla’s electric vehicles through Hertz starting from next month.

The deal is likely to be worth around $4bn (£2.9bn) because each Model 3 has a base price of about $40,000 (£29,000).Advertisement

It also ranks at the top of the list of electric vehicle orders by a single firm.

By becoming a $1trn company, Tesla joins an elite group of famous firms that have already passed the mark.

The only other publicly listed companies in the US that have reached a $1trn market capitalisation so far are Apple, Amazon, Microsoft, and Alphabet, the parent company of Google.

Hertz customers will be able to access Tesla’s network of superchargers across the US and Europe – and the rental company has also pledged to install 3,000 chargers of its own by the end of next year.

“We absolutely believe that this is going to be competitive advantage for us,” acting chief executive of Hertz, Mark Fields, said of the Tesla order.

Elon Musk with a Tesla Model S. Pic: AP
Image:Mr Musk’s company is currently struggling to fulfil a backlog of orders

Speaking to Reuters, Mr Fields added: “We want to be a leader in mobility…Getting customers experience with electrified vehicles is an absolute priority for us.”

Hertz currently has around 430,000 to 450,000 vehicles worldwide, and has said it will work with other companies producing electric vehicles – not just Tesla. Following the latest order, Mr Fields said that electric vehicles will make up more than 20% of its global fleet.

Mr Musk’s company is currently struggling to fulfil a backlog of orders, and is suffering from supply chain issues – but experts say that the deal cements the mainstream status of electric vehicles.

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Facebook under fresh pressure as whistleblower prepares to give evidence to MPs

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The company has been plunged into a crisis since Frances Haugen released thousands of pages of internal research documents secretly copied before leaving her job in the firm’s civic integrity unit.

A Facebook whistleblower whose claims have rocked the social media giant has launched a fresh attack on Mark Zuckerberg, accusing him of not being willing to protect public safety.

The latest broadside by former employee Frances Haugen comes as she prepares to give evidence to MPs at Westminster.

Her intervention ramps up the pressure on the embattled $1trn (£750bn) company, which has been plunged into a crisis since she released thousands of pages of internal research documents secretly copied before leaving her job in the firm’s civic integrity unit.

Former Facebook employee and whistleblower Frances Haugen
Image:Ms Haugen is to face questions from MPs scrutinising the draft Online Safety Bill

It comes amid newspaper reports that workers repeatedly warned Facebook was being flooded with misinformation claiming that the 2020 US presidential election result was being rigged.

Workers reportedly believed more should have been done to tackle it.Advertisement

It has fuelled renewed concerns about Facebook’s role in the 6 January Capitol riots, in which a mob seeking to overturn the election result stormed Congress.

Separate leaked documents also reveal Facebook in India wavered in curbing hate speech and anti-Muslim content on its platform and lacked enough local language moderators to stop misinformation, which at times sparked violence.

Criticising Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg in a interview with The Observer newspaper, Ms Haugen said: “Right now, Mark is unaccountable.

“He has all the control.

“He has no oversight, and he has not demonstrated that he is willing to govern the company at the level that is necessary for public safety.”

The outage lasted for almost six hours and affected billions of users
Image:Facebook is reportedly planning to rebrand with a name change

She said she had leaked the documents because she realised the company would not change otherwise.

Ms Haugen made her comments ahead of facing questions from a UK parliamentary committee scrutinising the draft Online Safety Bill, which aims to regulate tech firms and social media in a bid to curb cyber abuse and threats.

She has already levelled a series allegations against the social network, saying its platforms “harm children, stoke division and weaken our democracy”, and that it refused to act because executives put profits above safety.

Ms Haugen has also accused the tech giant of being aware of the apparent harm Instagram could have on some teenagers and their body image, and said the firm had been dishonest in its public fight against hate content and misinformation by concealing research that showed it amplified such content.

Mr Zuckerberg has rejected the claims made by Ms Haugen, saying her attacks on the company were “misrepresenting” the work it does and that it “cares deeply about issues like safety, well-being and mental health”.

He added: “At the heart of these accusations is this idea that we prioritise profit over safety and well-being. That’s just not true.”

Facebook is reportedly planning to rebrand its business name in an apparent bid to distance its wider business from the string of controversies that have engulfed it in recent years.

Among its latest big ideas is the so-called metaverse, a 3D online world the firm wants to lead the way on building, in which people can meet, play and work virtually, often using virtual reality headsets.

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